WITH

For the purpose of Neo-Quenya writing, the best translation of "with" (in the sense of "together with") is probably \#as, attested with a pronominal suffix (see below). A string of various prepositional elements meaning "with" are attested, but all are probably not meant to coexist in the same form of Quenya; rather Tolkien often changed his mind about the details. The preposition lé, le found in early material (QL:52) is probably best avoided in LotR-style Quenya (in which langauge le is rather the pronoun "you"). Tolkien later seems to be experimenting with yo and ó/o as words for "with"; yo hildinyar in SD:56 probably means *"with my heirs", and VT43:29 reproduces a table where various pronouns are suffixed to ó-, probably meaning "with" (óni *"with me", ólë *"with you", etc.) In the essay Quendi and Eldar, Tolkien assigns a dual meaning to ó- as a prefix; it was used "in words describing the meeting, junction, or union of two things or persons, or of two groups thought of as units" (WJ:367; cf. 361 regarding the underlying stem WO, said to be a dual adverb "together"). The plural equivalent of dual ó- is yo- (as in yomenië, WJ:407 cf. 361 regarding the underlying root JŌ), and it may seem to be this yo that occurs as an independent preposition in yo hildinyar in SD:56. The idea that ó- is a distinctly dual form does not appear in all sources; in VT43:29 we have forms like *ómë *"with us", implying at least three persons. In Tolkien's drafts for a Quenya rendering of the Hail Mary, he experimented with various prepositional elements for the phrase "with thee" (see VT43:29). A form carelyë was replaced with aselyë in the final version. Removing the ending -lyë "thee" and the connecting vowel before it leaves us with \#as as the word (or a word) for "with"; this is ultimately related to the conjunction ar "and" (see VT43:30, 47:31). – In English, the preposition "with" may also have an instrumental force, which is best rendered by the Quenya instrumental case (e.g. *nambanen "with [= using] a hammer").

Quettaparma Quenyallo (English-Quenya). 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • With — With, prep. [OE. with, AS. wi? with, against; akin to AS. wi?er against, OFries. with, OS. wi?, wi?ar, D. weder, we[^e]r (in comp.), G. wider against, wieder gain, OHG. widar again, against, Icel. vi? against, with, by, at, Sw. vid at, by, Dan.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • With Me — может относиться к: «With Me» (песня Destiny’s Child) (1998) «With Me» (песня Lonestar) (2001) «With Me» (песня Sum 41) (2008) …   Википедия

  • With — With, n. See {Withe}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • with — preposition Etymology: Middle English, against, from, with, from Old English; akin to Old English wither against, Old High German widar against, back, Sanskrit vi apart Date: before 12th century 1. a. in opposition to ; against < had a fight with …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • With U — Infobox Single Name = With U Artist = Janet Jackson Album = 20 Y.O. Released = December 11 2006 (U.S. urban radio) December 19 2006 (U.S. digital single) January 23 2007 (U.S. 12 single) Format = 12 single, digital download Recorded = 2006 Genre …   Wikipedia

  • With It — Infobox single | Name = With It Type = 12 single Artist = Giant Panda Released = October, 2004 Recorded = 2004 Genre = Underground hip hop Label = Tres Records Producer = Chikaramanga, Newman, Thes One Reviews = Last single = 88 Remix (2002) This …   Wikipedia

  • with — Acquaintance Ac*quaint ance, n. [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr. acointier. See {Acquaint}.] 1. A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • with — Accredit Ac*cred it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Accredited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Accrediting}.] [F. accr[ e]diter; [ a] (L. ad) + cr[ e]dit credit. See {Credit}.] 1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with credit or authority; to sanction. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • with — Withe Withe (?; 277), n. [OE. withe. ????. See {Withy}, n.] [Written also {with}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A flexible, slender twig or branch used as a band; a willow or osier twig; a withy. [1913 Webster] 2. A band consisting of a twig twisted. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • with-it — adjective Date: 1959 socially or culturally up to date < the intelligent, disaffected, with it young Eliot Fremont Smith > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • With You and Without You — was a book written by Ann M. Martin in 1986.Liza O Hara s family is abruptly confronted with the news that Mr. O Hara is dying from heart disease. After the initial shock the family unites to make his last months as enjoyable as possible… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.